Learn From a Native Speaker - The Czech Language Basics (6)

20. července 2013 v 12:00 | Author |  Learn From a Native Speaker
Today we are going to learn something new and at the same time we´ll revise what we´ve learnt so far. I´m going to show you some sentences and situations in which we can use our verbs být, chtít, potřebovat, žít, bydlet, jít and zamilovat se. We´ll have a look at pronouns, too.

We can start with the last verb and change it just a little bit from zamilovat se to zamilovat si. We´ve just converted the whole meaning from "to fall in love (with somebody)" to "become fond of (something/somebody)". Just with one letter. So pay attention ;)

Tohle místo si zamilujete.
You´ll become fond of this place.

Now word by word. Tohle means "this". We can say toto, too. Místo is "place". And rest of the sentence is just the verb in a right form with a pronoun (you should already know this from the previous lesson). As you can see, we write zamilovat se in infinitive but when we are conjugating, we put the pronoun before the verb. This is important because if you forgot to do this it would show you´re definitely not a native speaker.

Tuhle práci si zamilujete.
You´ll become fond of this work.

Tenhle dům si zamilujete.
You´ll become fond of this house.

Now focus on the demonstrative pronoun in each sentence. It´s changing a little bit, isn´t it? That´s because of the noun, the object. Místo has got a neuter gender (tohle), práce has a feminine gender (tuhle) and dům has a masculine gender (tenhle). We can remove the ending "-hle" and put "-to" instead of it here, too, so we can say toto, tuto, tento. If you leave out the ending completelly, the meaning of each pronoun becomes slightly different. It would be not this house but that house. The ending "-to" gives us the meaning "near".

Uff, that´s the verb zamilovat si. Now potřebovat.

Budeme potřebovat vaši pomoc.
We´ll need your help.

Pomoc means "help" and vaši means "your". There is some other thing which can seem strange to you (or familiar if you speak French) - depending on the number of the object we distinguish plural and singular form of the possesive pronoun. And it must be done, it´s not of your choice. The plural form of the object is self-evident.

Hledám našeho psa.
I´m looking for our dog.

Hledám naše psy.
I´m looking for our dogs.

Hledáme našeho psa.
We are looking for our dog.

Hledáme naše psy.
We are looking for our dogs.

Pes means "dog" and hledat means "to look for". The plural form of the pronoun "our" is the same for all genders but in singular it´s a little bit different - náš dům, naše pomoc, naše moře. Moře means "sea" and it has the neuter gender just like místo, place. Of course, it´s still not everything. As you can see above, there´s no náš going with the noun pes. It´s in the second case, so it both changes a bit - from náš pes to našeho psa.

At the end I´d like to just put there some sentences you may find useful (for grammar and vocabulary pratcising). If you want ask anything, write a comment below ;)

(V budoucnu) chci bydlet v České republice.
I want to live (="to house") in the Czech Republic (in the future).

Chci být spisovatelem/sportovcem/učitelem.
I want to be a writer/sportsman/teacher (male speaking).

In the previous sentence there doesn´t have to be the ending -em. If you remove it, you´ll get the word in first case in its basic form. Just pay attention to the word sportovcem. In the first case it changes to sportovec.

Nepotřebuji tvou pomoc.
- Ale já ti chci pomoct…
I don´t need your help.
- But I do want to help you…

Potřebuju jít do obchodu (a koupit…).
I need to go to the shop (and buy… there).

Zamiloval ses, že (ano)?
You´ve fallen in love, haven´t you?

Bydlím (tam), kde chci bydlet.
I live (there), where I want to live.

Kde means "where" and as you can see, you can use it as an interrogative pronoun (kde? where?) and as adverb as well.

Hope you´ve found this lesson useful :) Keep learning and practising. See you in next lesson ;)

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